the global technology capacity has a total of four:
the first tier in the United States as the leading global technology innovation center;
the second tier is a high-end manufacturing field, including the European Union, Japan;
the third tier is a low-end manufacturing, mainly some emerging countries, including China;
tier 4 major exporters is a resource, including OPEC (the organisation of the petroleum exporting countries), Africa, Latin America and other countries.
today we meet in the second gradient under France, take a look at how strong his technological prowess!
in the global science and technology power rankings, ranked fourth in France.Fifth, its gross domestic product in the world is one of the four big economies in Europe.Is China's fourth largest trading partner in Europe, the third largest investment source and the second largest technology import country.
French industry mainly involved in mining, metallurgy, automobile manufacturing, shipbuilding, machinery manufacturing, textile, chemical, electrical, power, consumer goods, food processing and construction, etc., including steel, cars, building for French industry three pillars.
French manufacturing process
"new industrial France" strategic
the strategy is a 10-year term plans, showing the French in the third industrial revolution to realize the industrial transformation of determination and strength.Its main purpose is to solve the energy, the digital revolution and the economic life three big problems, there are 34 a concrete plan.
manufacturing seven areas see France
air France industries is very systematic and comprehensive technology, mainly including large passenger aircraft, transport aircraft, military aircraft, military helicopters, etc. The whole system, and of the key components, including aircraft engines.
civilian nuclear power
France the world's leading position in the field of civilian nuclear power, both from uranium mining, refining, whole plant design, construction, to the disposal of the whole system technology, and has strong ability of industrialization.
high speed railway
France wheel-rail high-speed railway is the industry leader, from the early 1960 s research and development of the French, after about 20 years of efforts, the first high-speed train put into commercial operation in 1981.High-end equipment manufacturing
the French in the manufacturing industry in the national economy accounted for about 20%, which accounts for high-end equipment manufacturing is higher, a lot of products on the international has a high market share, schneider electric is famous in the world in the field of energy efficiency management and automation, alstom's development of nuclear power steam turbine generators in the world.
Peugeot Citroen, Renault group is a world famous auto manufacturers.The psa Peugeot Citroen group is second only to Germany's Volkswagen, Europe's second-biggest carmaker, its business throughout the world 150 countries.
France is a country with a luxury started early, nearly 25% of global market.One of the most famous brands include familiar LV, Chanel, Dior, YSL, Givenchy, etc.Other big brands like chanel, hermes, givenchy is also famous.In the fashion of Paris, luxury stores found almost everywhere.
in France, the software industry is considered to be "locomotive" of national economy.Since 2000, the French government is attach importance to the research and development of software, and the software project listed as national key technology project, that has made France the rapid development of software industry.
have quite a lot of famous university in Paris, France generally divided into high school and university institute of engineers, is a typical mode of elite education.
unlike Britain, France, keep the technology advantage is done by the country's high input, France has more than 50 Nobel laureates, a dozen prize winner fields.Key research areas in 20, France is one of the world's leader, although the romantic French people seem more lazy than the Japanese and the germans, but on scientific research, they are more creative and adventurous spirit.
the French in the aerospace, energy, materials science, space technology and other advantages are more obvious!
France produced the world's first commercial driverless cars