Times have changed, the Japanese "population crisis" meaning also changed

s observers

more than half a century ago, when people mention "Japan's population crisis", meaning the opposite, is refers to the crisis of high fertility rate, population growth too fast.

the population of Japan's communications ministry released by calculated data show that as of October 1, 2016, including foreigners in Japan, Japan's total population of 127 million.From 2015, 162000 fewer people, population growth for six years.Moved to Japan, however, the number of foreign innovation is high, because Mr Abe's government introduced a new policy to attract foreign workers to work in Japan.

at the mention of "Japan's population crisis" now, people know is to point to the Japanese faced the crisis of an ageing population and low fertility.But in more than half a century ago, when people mention "Japan's population crisis", meaning is opposite, refers to the crisis of high fertility rate, population growth too fast.

the beginning of the end of world war ii, overseas during world war ii soldiers were sent home, family, marriage rates rise, from 1946 to 1948, a baby boomer, the total fertility rate of more than 4.0;At the same time, due to the decline in death rates, making the sharp rise in the natural population growth rate, population.And Japan has a small territory, densely populated and poor natural resources, therefore, the Japanese government believes that such population growth was down, in fact, Japan's population do control.

so, starting in 1948, the Japanese government rolled out a series of curb population growth policy: one is through the act of eugenics, women can apply for an abortion for health and economic reasons, will be legalized abortion.Second, set up the Japan family planning association, the association's biggest job is to distribute condoms.Three subsidies is the abolition of the family and children, the reason is that if the poor without subsidies families with children, don't want to have more children.

as population growth in the inhibition of policy implementation and postwar Japan's economic take-off, Japan's fertility rate is falling, to 50 s, Japan's fertility rate has fallen to the replacement level of 2.1, until 1975, after Japan's fertility rate fluctuates up and down in the replacement level, no obvious change.After 1975, Japan's fertility rate is slow down, until 1989, when Japan's fertility rate reached a record low 1.57, shook the Japanese government and national, referred to as the "crisis" 1.57.Since that time, the Japanese government issued a number of measures to encourage birth.But fertility policy ineffective, in recent years, Japan's fertility rate fluctuates up and down in 1.4.

his mountain, can offend jade.The evolution of Japan's population crisis, can bring some enlightenment to our research of China's population problem.

in the past, due to the faster pace of increase in population and family planning program in China, but in recent years, China has also like Japan sank into the low fertility crisis, and the population policy from separate two children to comprehensive two children also gradually loosened the strictures.The population of many Chinese concept, however, is still not change to come over, they still think that China faced the crisis of "population".

overall, with a few decades ago, met a new demographic crisis in the world, that's too low fertility in the aging of the population crisis, the crisis has appeared in more and more countries.Therefore, when you see the word "population crisis", if you first feeling is "population too much" or "fast population growth," this shows your understanding of the population problem has been behind The Times.

/ He Yafu (population)

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