small make up said
these days, the temperature soared, too hot, however, is really hot outside...
the temperature has climbed to a new height of heze
you have cried "hot dead!"However
"hot dead" is not just a joke
because someone die!
a 76 - year - old man was sent to heze city hospital of traditional Chinese medicine
on admission temperature 40 ° C
at the same time appear malignant arrhythmia, viscera failure
consciousness, the old man in a coma
the old man began to have a fever in the afternoon
in the institutes of infusion nearly four hours, no fever
family hurried to the old man to the hospital again
but the old man fever duration is too long
the final rescue invalid death
26 at 11 a.m.
another old man uncle geng was sent to heze city hospital of traditional Chinese medicine
the old man on the side of the road faint
temperature 40 degrees, from a coma
an icepack, hang water cooling,
medical staff to emergency cooling the uncle geng
at three o 'clock in the afternoon,
the old man finally temperature has dropped below 40 ° C
the vital signs stable
seemingly ordinary heatstroke
why such serious consequences?
director of heze city Chinese medicine hospital ICU, repair the puma said:
two old people suffering from heat stroke is
heat stroke is a severe heatstroke
human thermoregulatory dysfunction caused by high temperature
the excess savings of the quantity of heat inside body
the patient will appear because of too high a temperature multiple organ function failure and coma
by thermal radiation patients older than 50,
mortality rate more than 80%
the disease usually occurs at the same time in the summer heat with high wet weather
in the past two years, disease are rarely
this year since summer
heze has many people suffer from the disease
"heat stroke" is what disease?
we know that the hot weather is easy to heat stroke
and heatstroke and several types of
heat stroke is one of the most severe heat stroke:
heat stroke can be divided into three levels * (four levels, some book also points)
according to the serious are rated,
in turn is: heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke
1. Thermal failure (also called heat exhaustion, heat fatigue)
one of the most common.Sodium and water loss due to excessive sweating more, around circulatory failure caused by insufficient blood volume.Main show is a headache, dizziness, thirst, pale skin, cold sweats, pulse count, drop in blood pressure, fainting, or confusion, basic normal body temperature.
2. Heat cramps (also called heat cramps)
after sweating a lot thirsty and drink too much, added salt, sodium and chloride concentration in the blood decrease caused by muscle spasm.Gastrocnemius spasm in the most rare, and body temperature than normal.
3. Heat stroke (also called heat heat)
heat stroke is also called heatstroke high fever, with high heat, no sweat, disturbance of consciousness "views" for the typical performance.Under the environment of high temperature sweating a lot thermoregulatory dysfunction is still not enough to heat or sweat reduced to sweat, closed can cause the accumulation of heat in the body.Early headache, dizziness, fatigue, sweating, and temperature rise rapidly, can reach more than 40 ℃, occurrence skin dry, no sweat, delirium, coma, convulsions, pulse, blood pressure drops, breathing shallow speed, etc.Severe cases can go into shock, cerebral edema, pulmonary edema, diffuse intravascular coagulation and severe complication such as liver, kidney damage and even coma.
heat stroke is dangerous, because human organs are needed in certain works under normal temperature, the various enzymes and are related to the biological activity and the body's metabolism, and once the organ damage caused, is not always reversible , when there is a high mortality rate is easy to see when multiple organ failure.
heat stroke from the causes can be divided into two kinds: exertional heat stroke and not exertional heat radiation disease.Exertional heat stroke mainly under the environment of high temperature endogenous heat production too much ;Non Labour is mainly under the environment of high temperature thermoregulatory dysfunction the decrease of the heat dissipation.
1. Exertional heat stroke:
at high temperature, humidity and no wind weather in the heavy physical Labour or violent sports.Patients are always healthy young man , is engaged in the hours after heavy physical labor or strenuous exercise , 50% patients sweating a lot , heart rate can reach 160 ~ 180 times/min, pressing of arteries and veins increases.This can occur in patients with rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure, liver failure, diffuse intravascular coagulation (DIC) or multiple organ failure, mortality is higher.
2. Non exertional heat stroke:
under the environment of high temperature, see more at live crowded and poorly ventilated city residents aged body failure .Other high risk groups, including schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, chronic alcoholism, and hemiplegia or paraplegia patients.Performance skin dry and redness, 84% ~ 100% cases without sweat, rectal temperature in 41 ℃ above , up to 46.5 ℃.Disease early performance behavior or seizures, and delirium, coma and symmetric pupil shrink , serious can appear low blood pressure, shock, arrhythmia and heart failure, pulmonary edema and cerebral edema .About 5% of cases of acute renal failure, can be mild, moderate, DIC, often in the 24 hours after death.
continuous high temperature, how to prevent heatstroke and "heat stroke"?
1, many people Xia Tianai drink sugary beverages, in fact, this is a myth, heat, sweat in the loss of sodium ions, so salty soda is the best.Lunch dinner drink more soup, of course, also can prevent dehydration.
2, thin cotton dress, go out dressed as far as possible choose the fabric of cotton, hemp, silk, chemical fiber clothes less, in order to prevent sweating a lot can not heat dissipation in a timely manner.
3, carry heat medicine, basic diseases such as heart cerebrovascular citizens don't forget to put the heart of musk pills, such as "emergency" drugs for around.
4, drink hot water more than drinking ice water antipyretic, by the same token, the summer to take a bath with hot water, than use cool water bath temperature reduction.
5, try to avoid work under direct sunlight, work environment should pay attention to ventilation, sweating when added salt water in a timely manner.
6, after the sweat, don't drink ice, cold bath!
(source: peony media)