we knew that the water was in the darkest, coldest crater on the moon.but now scientists believe that the water on the moon is much deeper than its surface.if humans want to build a lunar base, it is good news that we have conceived for so long.in 2008, the scientists analyzed the 1971 and 1972 in the apo luo 15 in a number of space missions found in the moon rock samples exist in small glass beads.these volcanic beads come from inside the moon, and the crystal structure contains a small but surprising water, which overturns most of the lunar surface without water.more studies have found that the water contained in these beads is similar to some of the basal basins on earth, and this is another clue that the moon is in a great collision with another planet, from the fragments of the earth in the formation of.
now, in a new study published in the journal nature geoscience, spectral data from lunar mineral explorers are used to map lunar surfaces; specifically, a high concentration of water from lunar rocks produced by volcanic activity.what is the result? it seems that the water-rich apollo sample is not unusual, it is a welcome news.
"by observing the orbital data, we can examine large volcanic debris sediments on the moon that have never been sampled by apollo or luna's mission.almost all of these show water the feature shows that apollo's sample is not unusual, so most of the interior of the moon is wet,"said planetary geologist ralph milliken at a news conference.milliken is working at brown university and is the lead author of this new study.these spectrometer data are recorded by studying the sunlight reflected from the lunar surface.
of.some wavelengths of light are absorbed by certain chemicals, so when the reflected light is received, the lunar mineral mineral plotters can identify which substances are present.but in order to ascertain the signal of water in the volcanic debris flow, the researchers must carefully remove the interference caused by the heat of the sun's daytime surface heat.
milliken said in a statement:"the heat of the radiation occurs in the radiation we need to find the same wavelength of water.""so, in order to ensure the existence of water, we first need to consider and remove the heat the use of apollo's samples and the detailed thermal model of the lunar surface, the scientists revised the map, revealing the distribution of the water trapped in these ancient volcanic flows.
because these volcanic debris contain a lot of water, it is likely to mean that the interior of the moon contains more water than previously expected, and this discovery has a huge impact on our theory of lunar formation.if the moon is formed by the melting of the earth caused by the huge impact of the earth, then the water molecules need hydrogen in the case of how to survive it?
"the water inside the moon more and more there is much evidence that water does exist, or before the moon is fully solidified, shortly after the asteroid or comet impact is introduced,"said shuai li, a co-author at the university of hawaii,"the exact water inside the moon"if the moon is dry, it would be difficult to establish any form of long-term human existence on the surface of the moon, which may be unsustainable."the future of the human lunar landing program has a significant impact.lightning and expensive rockets are needed to emit supplies, materials and fuels from the earth to the surface of the moon, but if we can get building materials and water from the lunar surface, we may eventually build a self-sufficient lunar base.
the researchers stressed that the amount of water is very small, only 0.05% of the water is on the moon, but most of the water on the moon may have a large supply in the mantle of the moon.therefore, if we do have a long-term presence on the lunar surface, maybe we can develop an efficient water extraction program , enabling it to continue to produce drinking water and fuel and to promote some form of space agriculture.